Religious Education

Sudbourne Primary School serves a community built upon the diversity of its nationalities, cultures and faiths. As a school we aim to celebrate this diversity and offer a welcoming and inclusive environment for all our pupils.

We aim to ensure that our pupils develop a positive attitude towards other people and to respect their right to hold different beliefs to their own.

 

Our curriculum encourages the development of a positive ethos, both within the school and the communities' around and, aims to allow pupils to grow and develop in their search for values.

During their time at Sudbourne, pupils will:

  • Develop a knowledge, understanding and awareness of Christianity and the other principle religions represented in Great Britain (Buddhism, Sikhism, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism).
  • Have the opportunity, time and space to share views and feelings and to discuss issues raised in the light of beliefs of the religions studied.
  • Have the opportunity to reflect on their own beliefs, values and experiences so that they may develop their own views as believers or non-believers.

We recognise that experiences at home can be used to develop learning in school and encourage children and parents to participate in the sharing of knowledge, views and feelings about their own religion, culture and celebrations.

Phase 1 (Years 1 and 2)

Phase 1

Cycle A

 

Cycle B

T1

 

British Values 

1) British values - introduction to the five values

2) What do we already know about religions around the world – special books

***

Christianity 1: Christian beliefs

1– 4) To become familiar with one, a few or many of the key symbols/ artefacts from Christianity.

To know that Christians believe:

- that there is one God

- that God loves all people equally

- a rainbow is a sign of his love

- that God is the creator of all things

 

T1

 

British Values 

1) British values – The Five Values

2) What do we already know about religions around the world – belief in god

 

***

Christianity 4: Jesus' life: friends, enemies, life, death & afterwards - Unit 5

To know that Christians believe:

1) - that God is the creator of all things

2) – that God sent Jesus into the World

3) - that Jesus showed people the way to live

4) - the story of Zacchaeus

 

T2

 

Christianity 2: Jesus’ birth celebrated at Christmas - Unit 1

1) The Bible is a sacred text for Christians, which teaches about Jesus.

2) The Bible is a:

-special book for Christians to read and learn from

3) - book that teaches Christians about God and Jesus, that helps Christians decide how to live their life and contains stories and events from the life of Jesus.

4/5 )The birth of Jesus

- that God sent Jesus into the world

- that Jesus’ birthday is celebrated at Christmas

6) Christian Celebrations:

Festival of Christmas – traditions and special activities

 

T2

 

Christianity 5: Jesus’ friends and his teachings - Unit 3

1) The Bible is a:

- special book that teaches Christians about God and Jesus, that helps Christians decide how to live their life and contains stories and

events from the life of Jesus.

To know that Christians believe:

2) – that they can learn things from how Jesus lived his life - Jesus’ friendships– men and women

3) – that the bible is a book that shows that Jesus taught people using parables.

4) Christians still use these parables as a way of to learn how to live their life – The Lost sheep

5) The parable of the Good Samaritan

6) To know that Christians believe:

that God asks Christians to love their neighbour as themselves – Good Samaritan/ Prodigal Son

 

T3

Islam: Muslims believe about God - Part 1A

1) Allah sends messengers and books to guide people

2) Allah is the Islamic name for the one true god

3) Muslims give thanks for Allah’s creation of the Earth and believe they are the custodians of the Earth for Allah

4) Prophet Mohammad (pbuh )is the final messenger

5) Muslims use The Qur’an as their holy book so is treated with respect

6) The Qur’an contains the teachings of Allah – which was revealed to Prophet Muhammad

T3

Islam: Family Life at the Mosque –

Part 1C

1) The Birth of a child as a blessing (blessings/barakah

2) Naming a child - Names are usually chosen because they have a good meaning

3) The Qur’an in people’s lives - Children learn the Qur’an

4) Following the teaching of the Qur’an e.g. showing respect to others, being honest and kind, keeping your temper)

The Mosque

5) The world is a Mosque. The Ka’aba the first Mosque. Role of the mosque as a local social, religious, educational and welfare centre

6) Features of a mosque. The Ka’aba the Qiblah for all prayer / worship. Wudu and salah in the mosque

 

T4

Hinduism: Hindu Beliefs about God - Part 1A

1) There is one God – who is seen in different ways and in different forms

2) Story of Rama and Sita, Krishna, Lakshmi, Ganesh

3) Stories about Rama and Krishna

4) The story of Rama and Sita recalled at Diwali – the diva lamp

5) The birth of Krishna – Krishna the Butter Thief

6) Krishna and Sudhama

 

 

T4

Hinduism: Hindu values - Part 1B

1) Respect and care for all people and all living things – the importance of caring for others

Hindu religious symbols:

2) The diva – what it symbolises and when it is used

3) Hands in prayer (namaste) - what it symbolises and when it is used

Worship and Teachings:

4) In the home: the shrine and what it contains

5) Puja and the Arti ceremony

6) Prasad (food offered, blessed and served as prayer)

 

T5

 

Islam: Belief and Action: Prayer in Islam - Part 1B

1) Muslims appreciate and respect everything that Allah created

2) Muslims worship Allah by daily prayer

3) Prayer in the home or mosque

4) Ramadan: month The Qur’an was revealed, Fasting, Breaking fast together, reciting The Qur’an

5)Id ul Fitr – the celebration of the successful completion of Ramadan

 

T5

 

Islam: Belief and Action: The Qur’an - Part 1D

1) Revealed to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and contains the teachings of Allah

2) What the Qur’an looks like and how it is read

3) How the Qur’an is treated with respect – traditions and rituals

4) How children learn to read the Qur’an

5) How Muslims follow the teaching of the Qur’an e.g. showing respect to others, being honest and kind, keeping your temper

T6

Christianity- Special Celebrations

1) Christmas - that Jesus’ birth is remembered at Christmas

2) Jesus’ death and resurrection are remembered and celebrated at Easter time

3) Christians use these times of the year to remember to love one another as God loves us

 

***

British Values: Refection and comparison

– What is the same and what is different?

1)Belief about God: Christianity alongside Islam

2) Belief about God: Christianity alongside Hinduism

3) Special Traditions: Christianity alongside Islam

4) Special Traditions: Christianity alongside Hinduism

 

T6

Christianity- Special Celebrations -

Unit 2

1) The key Christian celebrations – Christmas and Easter – the birth and death of Jesus

2) Other special celebrations take place in the Christian church - Baptisms

3) Christian Celebrations: Harvest Festival, Mothering Sunday

 

***

British Values: Refection and

comparison

-– What is the same and what is different?

1) Special Books: Christianity alongside Islam

2) Special Books: Christianity alongside Hinduism

3) Places of Worship: Christianity alongside Islam

4) Places of Worship: Christianity alongside Hinduism

 

Phase 2 (Years 3 and 4)

Phase 2

Cycle A

Term

Cycle B

 

T1

 

Buddhism: Buddha - Unit 1

1) To become familiar with one, a few or many of the key symbols/ artefacts from Buddhism

 – Image of Buddha and Lotus Flower Symbol

the Buddha image: is not worshipped as an idol; communicates values, e.g. tranquillity.  Introduction to who Buddha was

Symbol

2) The Lotus Flower – is the symbol of enlightenment

Beliefs

- All things change.

- Buddha taught about suffering& the ending of suffering

Compassion

- The importance of being compassionate, generous, kind, truthful, helpful and patient 

- Actions have consequences

3) Beliefs: 

The Four Noble Truths:

- Life involves suffering

- The origins of suffering lie in wanting, which is made more intense by greed, hatred & ignorance

- The ending of suffering is possible

- The Noble Eightfold Path is the way to end suffering and become enlightened

4) Beliefs:  The Buddhist Temple or Centre

- Used for worship, meditation or ceremonies

- Significant features and objects - e.g. water offering bowls, image of Buddha, incense, flowers, bell

- Mala of 108 beads, used when chanting

5) The Buddhist community (The Sangha)

- Made up of ordained (e.g. monks, nuns and priests) and lay people

- All Buddhists try to follow the example of the Buddha’s life and live by his teachings

- The lives of ordained and lay people and how they support each other

 

***

Islam - Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), The Final Messenger – Unit 5

1) Allah sent messengers (Prophets) to give his guidance. Allah’s promise to Adam and all people

2) Prophets Nuh, Musa, Sulayman & Ibrahim

 

T1

 

Buddhism: Buddhist Teaching - Unit 1 and 2

1) the Buddha image:  is not worshipped as an idol; communicates values, e.g. tranquillity

Stories about Gotama Buddha 

2) His concern in finding an answer to the problem of suffering and satisfactoriness in life, e.g. - his restlessness,  - the four sights, - years spent searching for the answer

3) Enlightenment

Teaching of the ‘Middle Way’

 How suffering can be eased e.g. the Buddha & Angulimala

Festivals

4)Wesak – a festival that celebrates the birth, enlightenment and passing away of the Buddha. Symbol: The Lotus Flower - symbol of enlightenment

Beliefs

5) All things change

- Buddha taught about suffering and the ending of suffering

Compassion

- The importance of being compassionate, generous, kind, truthful, helpful and patient - Actions have consequences

 

***

Islam: The Five Pillars of Islam – Unit 6

1) The Five pillars of Islam are the foundation of Muslim life

2) belief in Allah and belief in Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as the final Messenger

 

 

T2

 

Islam Islam - Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), The Final Messenger – Unit 5 cont.

3) The religious and social context of the time of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) – an age when people had turned away from earlier messages from God

4) Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was chosen by Allah and was the final Messenger from Allah

5) Revelation of Qur’an – the final message

6) Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) teaching of the Qur’an and the establishment of the first Muslim Community

 

***

Christianity: Festival of Christmas and Advent, a time of preparation – Unit 6

1) Advent – a time of preparation for Christmas

2) Christmas & Epiphany

3) The Christingle

4) The Christian family worldwide

 

 

T2

 

Islam: The Five Pillars of Islam – Unit 6 cont.

3) prayer to Allah by 5 daily salat

4) giving charity and doing charitable works

5) visiting Makkah for Hajj

6) the ritual and importance of fasting

 

***

Christianity: Who was Jesus? - Unit 9

1) Christians believe that: Jesus is God’s son - he is both human and more than human

2) Jesus showed his divine power as a miracle worker

3) Jesus' teaching and life give humans the perfect example

4) How this influences Christian beliefs about life and death

 

T3

Sikhism: Belief about God - Pt 1 Unit 1

1) Sikhs believe there is one God who created all things and is present in all His creation, seen or unseen

Sikh Teaching: The Gurus

2) Guru Nanak – founded  Sikhism in India

3) His youth and travels i.e.  feeding the poor and needy, told through stories

4) His teaching that people are equal and the celebration of his birthday

5)Guru Har Gobind – the story of his cloak and how he demonstrated beliefs about equality recalled at Diwali

6) The Guru Granth Sahib – the final everlasting Guru of the Sikhs

 

T3

Sikhism: Sikh Teaching: The Gurus - Pt 1 Ut 2

1) Guru Gobind Singh – The introduction of the five K’s

2) Sikh names, beliefs in action the story of the water carrier – Bhai Ghanaya.

3) Baisakhi

The Sikh Community

4) Family Life – growing up as a Sikh, visiting the Gurdwara, where Sikhs worship and share food together

5) The Gurdwara – where special book Guru Granth Sahib is read and ceremonies take place i.e. naming and festivals

6) The Khadra symbol – displayed in the Gurdwara and what it means to Sikhs.

T4

Christianity: A Local Parish Church – Unit 7

1) The local parish church a place where Christians worship

2) Belonging to the community and what it is like being a child in the church

3) The church as an international fellowship of Christianity

4) Christians try to show their love through their actions; by loving their neighbours Christians show their care for all people

5) Special and regular ceremonies taking place in the church: worship, prayer and meetings

6) The role of the Priest / Vicar/ Curate

 

T4

Christianity: A second place of Worship

- Unit 8

1) To know that not all Christian churches are the same

2) To know that Christians share beliefs but worship in different ways

3) To know that these different groups are called denominations

4) To know how the place of worship is the same and /or differs from the parish church previously studied

5) To know one member of the church community

6) To know that the Bible is read in all churches as a source of teaching and contains stories that they know already.

T5

 

Judaism: Beliefs about God - Unit 3A

1) God is one and God is the creator

The Torah:

2) is in the form of a scroll, written in Hebrew and on parchment

3) Contains – Jewish laws which set out how people should live  - keeping Shabbat, kashrut (the Kosher kitchen)

4) Stories in the Torah – The Creation – care for the environment

5) The work of the Scribe

 

 

T5

 

Judaism: The Jewish Community - Unit 3B

1) The Jewish home

2) The mezuzah – symbolises a Jewish home

3) Shabbat – day of rest, preparations, Friday night meal

4) Welcoming Shabbat, lighting and blessing the candles, blessing the wine and challah

5) Eating as a family, Havdalah

 

T6

Judaism: Beliefs about God - Unit 3A cont.

6)) The Synagogue – The Jewish place of worship

***

Hinduism: Worship in the Temple- Ut 1C

1) The Mandir is the Hindu place of worship

2) Respect is shown by removing shoes and sitting on the floor

3) The Ramayana – the scared text – the source of stories about Rama

The Hindu community:

4) Love and loyalty between members of the extended family

5) Respect for – other people (namaste) – all forms of life, esp. the cow

6) Hospitality is important to Hindus

T6

Judaism: The Jewish Community - Unit 3B cont.

6) Festivals – Hanukah, Sukkot

 

***

Hinduism: Festivals and beliefs – Unit 2A

Hindu beliefs:

1) God is worshipped in different forms

-is believed to be formless – some forms are: Hanuman, Lakshmi, Krishna, Radha, Ganesh, Rama and Sita

2) Ways that respect is shown to God

3) The religious symbol Aum/ Om

4) Beliefs about life, death and rebirth

Worship and Teachings

5) The daily ritual of worship

6) Showing gratitude, devotion and love through worship

 

 

Phase 3 (Years 5 and 6)

Phase 3

Cycle A

 

 

Cycle B

T1

 

Buddhism: Buddhist beliefs - Unit 2

1)To become familiar with many of the key symbols/ artefacts from Buddhism. – Image of Buddha and Lotus Flower, eight spoked wheel  Symbol

2) The Noble Eightfold Path

(The 8 spoked wheel)

-Right Understanding

-Right Thought

-Right Speech

-Right Action

3) The Noble Eightfold Path cont.

- Right Livelihood

- Right Effort

- Right Mindfulness

- Right Meditation

When people follow the path,  the wheel turns in a positive direction (traditionally clockwise) symbolising their development

4) The Five Moral Precepts

Buddhists should refrain from:

-harming and killing living beings,

-sexual misconduct,

-taking drugs or drink that impair clarity of mind,

-taking what is not freely given,

wrong speech. (There is a positive aspect of each precept, e.g. it is not enough not to harm

– one should show compassion for all living things)

5)Stories  that exemplify values -  The Monkey King

***

Islam: Hajj – The Journey of a Lifetime – Unit 7

1) Muslims follow the traditions of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and the teachings of Allah

2) Visiting Makkah for the Hajj – part of the five pillars

 

T1

 

Buddhism: The Buddhist community (The Sangha) - Unit 2 and 3

1) Made up of ordained (e.g. monks, nuns and priests) and lay people.   All Buddhists try to follow the example of the Buddha’s life and live by his teachings

2) The lives of ordained and lay people and how they support each other

The Buddhist Temple or Centre

Used for worship, meditation or ceremonies.

3) Significant features and objects - e.g. water offering bowls, image of Buddha, incense, flowers, bell.  

Mala of 108 beads, used when chanting

4) The Three Jewels

The Buddha, The Dhamma, The Sangha  Buddhists ‘take refuge’ in the Three Jewels or Triple Gem to help to alleviate suffering

5) Bodhgaya

An important place for Buddhists worldwide.  A place of pilgrimage

 

 

***

Islam: The Ummah – Unit 8

1) The Ummah – world family of Muslims

2) The spread of Islam and its multicultural nature

T2

Islam: Hajj – The Journey of a Lifetime – Unit 7 cont.

3) The Ka'aba - the first house of worship for the one true God, built by Prophets Ibrahim & Isma’il

4) The role of the Ka’aba in the Hajj

5) The celebration of Id ul Adha at the end of the Hajj

6) To know  how the festival of Id ul Adha is associated with the Hajj

 

***

Christianity: Advent Celebrations around the World

1) To know that Christians around the world have their own ways of celebrating Christmas

 2) To know about the celebration of the festival of Saint Lucia in Sweden

3) To know that Christians in Russia tell the story of Babushka;

4) To understand the meaning behind the story for Christians.

 

 

T2

Islam: The Ummah – Unit 8 cont.

3) The Qiblah, Hajj, Id ul Adha, Mosques, the Jumu’ah prayer

4) How Muslim families and communities practise their faith, and the contributions this makes to local life

5) Beliefs in action in the world: how Muslims respond to global issues of human rights

6) Beliefs in action in the world: fairness, social justice and the importance of the environment

 

***

Christianity: Local Celebrations at Christmas Time

1) To know how the local church prepares for Christmas.

2) To know that in many Christian churches the custom of making Christingles has become common during Advent

3) To know how the Christingle symbolises

a celebration of the life of Jesus

4) To know how to make a Christingle

 

 

T3

 

Sikhism: Sikh Belief about God

Part 2 Unit 1

1) One God represented by the Ik Onkar symbol and God is the supreme truth

Sikh Teaching: The Gurus

2) Ten Gurus – from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh - Guru Arjan built the Golden Temple

3) Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa

4)Teachings of The Guru Granth Sahib and other Gurus

5) The Guru Granth Sahib – treated as a living Guru, written in Gurmurkhi, contains Hymns sung in services

6) The Mool Mantra and Akhand Path

T3

 

Sikhism: Sikh Teaching: The Values

Part 2 Unit 2

 

1) Learning by honest means (kirat karna), sharing (vand chhakna), service to all Human beings (sewa) e.g. Pingalwara

2) Equality – race, gender , creed – all humans as one

The Sikh Community: Belonging

3) The Khalsa, Amrit ceremony – what and where

4) The 5 k’s, marriage and beliefs about death

The Sikh Community: The Gurdwara

5) Uses: Community centre, place of prayer/ worship, ceremonies i.e. ceremony of belonging, Amrit and other festivals.

6) Traditions inside: Khanda symbol, shoes removed, hair covered, shared meal, use of Guru Granth Sahib, role of the Granthi and Music/ Musicians, The Nisan Sahib

 

T4

Christianity: Christians and the World – Unit 10

1) There are some places that are important to Christians in the UK

2) Important to Christians in the wider world

3) Important places: what makes them important and what Christians gain from visiting them

4) Jesus’ contemporary followers are world-wide

5) The Church is an international fellowship of Christianity

6) To express feelings about the concept of pilgrimage and consider how they would feel if they made a pilgrimage

 

T4

Christianity: Faith in Action – Unit 11

1) Know some of Jesus’ teaching about putting Christian beliefs into action

 2) Consider how this teaching might influence behaviour

3) People who followed the example of Jesus in the past

4) People who followed the example of Jesus - contemporary followers world-wide

5) To consider impact of Christian belief on peoples’ lives in terms of vocation and daily life

6) Relate the idea of putting faith into action to the lives of Christian in the local community

 

T5

 

Judaism: Beliefs about God - Unit 4A

1)God cares for all people, story of Moses

2) Expression of beliefs - wearing Kippah, tallit, tzitzit and general Blessings

The Torah:

3) Respect shown to the Torah, ten commandments, links with Moses

4)Laws and rules which set out how people should live – the life of Moses

5) Study of the Torah – reading the weekly portion

- learning to read it for Bar Mitzvah

T5

 

Judaism: The Jewish community: Family Life - Unit 4B

1) Life Rituals: Bar Mitzvah, Bat Mitzvah

2) Jewish marriage traditions

The Synagogue:

3) Special place of worship for Jewish people – weekly worship, place of prayer, Role of Rabbi

4) Main features - Place of study Community centre, venue for special occasions

Israel:

5) Reasons why it is such a special place for Jews

 

 

T6

Judaism: Beliefs about God - Unit 4A cont.

6) Study of the Torah – respect and care for the Torah and God’s name

***

Hinduism: Worship and Teachings: The Mandir - Unit 2B

1) Preparations for worship

2) The shrine and The Arti Ceremony

3) Puja,  Bhajan and Kirtan

4) The role of the divine images

5) The Puja tray

6) Meditation

 

T6

Judaism: The Jewish community: Family Life - Unit 4B

6) The Festival of Passover (exodus and freedom)

***

Hinduism: Worship and Teachings:

Scared places - Unit 2C

1) The importance of sacred places in India - The Ganges - Benares

2)  Prayag, Ayodhya, Mathura

The Hindu Community

3) Belonging to the Community and how Hindus try to live a good life

4) The Journey of Life

5) Birth, marriage and death

6) Four ashramas

 

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